Understanding Compulsive Overeating
People who chronically overeat may be suffering from a common eating disorder known as compulsive overeating. It is also known as binge eating.
This eating disorder is characterized by eating large amounts of food, by eating quickly (often to the point of discomfort), and by eating when no longer hungry. While many people experience a food binge periodically, the compulsive overeater averages binging 2 times a week for at least 6 months.
Compulsive overeating may start gradually. For example, a child may turn to food when upset. Over time, the child learns food soothes upset feelings.
The disorder may develop when others make repeated negative comments about a person's weight. It may develop after a traumatic event in childhood, or after restrictive dieting. A person's home environment also can play a role. For example, if a person’s parents were overcontrolling or not present, that person may not have had good role models for eating.
Compulsions typically follow obsessions, which reduce anxiety. Therefore, obsessive thoughts of low self-worth, being overweight, or dieting can trigger the compulsion to eat.
The more weight a person gains, the harder the person tries to diet. Dieting is usually what leads to the next binge.
Signs and symptoms
People who eat compulsively often do so in private. They usually are reluctant to talk about their eating problems.
If you or someone you know has several of these signs and behaviors of binge eating, talk with your healthcare provider:
Eating a little in public and a lot in private
Feelings about yourself based on weight
Depression after overeating
Feeling tormented by eating habits
Going on and off many diets
Compulsive overeating can’t always be prevented, especially when the condition has roots in childhood. However, these suggestions can help:
Avoid restrictive diets. They can easily lead to feelings of deprivation. These feelings result in binge eating.
Check your body image. Talk with a dietitian or psychologist if you have a negative body image.
Know when you eat for comfort. If you feel depressed, angry, or anxious, talk with your healthcare provider.
If your child or teen appears to eat for emotional reasons or eat as a way to cope with problems, talk with your child's healthcare provider. It's important to get help to break the cycle before it becomes a full-blown eating disorder.
Multiple approaches to help people with this disorder include cognitive-behavioral and nutritional therapy, and psychotherapy. If it is decided that medicine will help, close supervision will be needed, especially for children and teens. Healthy life choices and skills are the goals in overcoming compulsive overeating.